Approximately 19 million children are visually impaired in the world, and about 1.4 million are irreversibly blind for the rest of their lives. Some children are visually impaired due to refractive errors, which could be easily diagnosed and corrected.
Low-income countries have the highest number of cases, averaging 1.5 per 1000 children. High-income countries have a much lower amount of cases, averaging 0.3 per 1000 children. An estimation using these two pieces of data says that there should be about 1.4 million blind children in the world’s population. About three-quarters of the world’sblind children live in the poorest regions of Africa and Asia, where the child population is quite large.
Causes include hereditary diseases, childhood factors, perinatal factors, and intrauterine factors. Other sites of abnormalities included the cornea, the whole globe, the lens, the optic nerve, the glaucoma, and the uvea.
Corneal scarring is cited as the single most important cause of avoidable and preventable blindness. Today, corneal scarring can be prevented by maternal and child health care, health education, good nutrition, essential drugs, clean water supplies and good sanitation, control of endemic diseases, and treatment of common conditions.
Many gadgets and high-tech glasses are being built to help blind or visually impaired people see better.
Our goal is to reduce childhood blindness in the world and to provide children with vision impairment with the tools and aids they need to improve their quality of life.
THE GIFT OF SIGHT
Give the gift of sight so that children can have a chance to see the world and live a productive life. No child should live in darkness.